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ERIC Number: ED274759
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1986-Sep-5
Reference Count: N/A
Selected Demographic Characteristics of the U.S. Hispanic Population and of Hispanic Subgroups. A Report Prepared by the Congressional Research Service for the Subcommittee on Census and Population of the Committee on Post Office and Civil Service, U.S. House of Representatives. 99th Congress, 2d Session.
Library of Congress, Washington, DC. Congressional Research Service.; Congress of the U. S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Post Office and Civil Service.
The report compares U.S. Hispanic subgroups with regard to five demographic statistics: (1) Geographic Distribution: the greatest number of Hispanics are found in Texas, California, New York and Florida. (2) Age Structure and Fertility: Hispanics are generally younger than the U.S. population, except for Cubans who are usually older. Mexicans have the highest birth and fertility rates and Cubans the lowest. (3) Educational Attainment: Mexican and Puerto Rican adults have less education than the other subgroups. Younger Hispanic adults are better educated than their elders, but not as well-educated as the non-Hispanic population. (4) English Proficiency: Cubans are the most capable in English. (5) Occupations and Unemployment: Hispanic workers are underrepresented in higher level occupations and overrepresented in lesser skilled occupations. Mexicans have the lowest proportion of professionals and Cubans the highest. Cubans have greater employment stability and less unemployment. Data show that there are substantial differences between Hispanics and the total U.S. population, between non-Hispanic and Hispanic populations, and among Hispanic subgroups. The report recommends collecting data separately for Central Americans, South Americans and other Hispanics. (Author/PS)
Descriptors: Birth Rate, Cubans, Cultural Differences, Educational Attainment, Employment Patterns, English (Second Language), Ethnic Distribution, Hispanic Americans, Language Proficiency, Latin Americans, Mexican Americans, Puerto Ricans, Subcultures
Superintendent of Documents, Congressional Sales Office, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC 20402.
Publication Type: Legal/Legislative/Regulatory Materials; Numerical/Quantitative Data
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Library of Congress, Washington, DC. Congressional Research Service.; Congress of the U. S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Post Office and Civil Service.