ERIC Number: ED274717
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1985-Nov
Reference Count: 0
Ballroom Dancing Is Not for Singles.
Carver, Fred D.
Educational research and evaluation have had less impact on policy and decision making in education than hoped for, since research and evaluation represent fundamentally different kinds of endeavor than policy and decision making do. Evaluation has more impact than research because it is a more administrative activity and is more integral to policy and decision making. Educational research is conducted by individuals, is poorly supported financially, is specialized, and is difficult to synthesize. The role of research--as truth seeking and as something which should affect policy--is unclear. Policy, however, is aimed at producing action. Policy is holistic and general; carried out by publicly accountable parties; and is affected by times, context, and environment. However, four research and evaluation projects which did, in fact, have high impact were: (1) Michael Harrington's "Poverty in America"; (2) Coleman's studies of inequality and of private schools; (3) Emily Feistrizer's collection of research and its impact on policy and decision making; and (4) the Wisconsin Research and Development Center on Learning's Individually Guided Education model. The critical mass concept, timeliness, and commissioned research contributed to their impact. The study of methodology, meta analysis (including research syntheses and interpretation), and tolerance of some amount of gap between research and policy are recommended. (GDC)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Invited paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Iowa Educational Research and Evaluation Association (Waterloo, Iowa, November 14-15, 1985).