ERIC Number: ED274462
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1985-Mar
Reference Count: 0
Individual Differences in the Use of Mental Imagery in Deductive Inference. Final Report.
Falmagne, Rachel Joffe
Investigated were the role of mental imagery in children's logical reasoning and individual differences in children's use of imagery while reasoning. Fifth grade students assessed as being high imagers (HIS) and low imagers (LIS) completed conditional syllogisms of various kinds and were asked, after each of their responses, whether an image had occurred to them in the course of solving the problem. Results indicated that (1) HIS and LIS groups were differentiated in terms of their imagery reports when the content of the problem was low in imagery value; (2) both groups appeared to use imagery for inferences which do not yield either a definite "yes" or "no" conclusion; (3) for inferences of intermediate difficulty, LIS appeared to use imagery unsuccessfully, while HIS appeared to use it successfully. This difference does not seem to be due to a general difference in ability, as both groups' performance on a different, difficult memory task was equivalent. It is thought that this difference may stem from the fact that LIS may not have adequate procedures for integrating imagery with abstract verbal processes. A number of other results of general interest are also reported and discussed. Taken together, results provide preliminary evidence that the imageability of material included in problems does not have a facilitative effect for all students. A three-page list of references, nine data tables, and seven graphs are appended. (RH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Spencer Foundation, Chicago, IL.
Authoring Institution: N/A