ERIC Number: ED274331
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1986-May
Reference Count: 0
Television and Learning Systems (Distance Education). Papers on Information Technology No. 245.
Bates, A. W.
Arguing that television has a very important role to play in distance education courses, this paper outlines some of the unique roles that television can play and gives examples of how television can provide learning material not otherwise available to distance learners and help in the development of thinking and learning. Examples of how television can be used for students working primarily at home are cited, including demonstrations of experiments or experimental situations; demonstrations of principles involving movement over space and/or time; provision of case-study materials; use of archival audiovisual materials; and the demonstration of processes. It is further argued that television can enhance the learning process by providing powerful audiovisual images through illustrations, modeling, and supplantation. It is pointed out that one problem with using television is that it is a weak medium for providing diagnosis and feedback of student learning. Other conditions that must be satisfied include: the need to match the program structure and style to the needs of different audiences; the importance of suitable transmission times for broadcast television; and the need for students to appreciate the relevance of the television material to the rest of their studies. The changing nature and value of videodisks and videocassettes for distance learners as a result of such technological developments as satellite and cable television are noted. It is concluded that the information technology revolution is having profound effects on television as well, and that computers and television can play complementary teaching roles and are best used in combination. (Author/DJR)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Open Univ., Walton, Bletchley, Bucks (England). Inst. of Educational Technology.
Note: Paper presented at the World Congress in Education and Technology (Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, May 1986).