ERIC Number: ED274328
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1985-Jun-21
Using Video in Higher Education. IET Paper on Broadcasting No. 243.
Bates, A. W.
Television has unique teaching functions that are significant for university education, and new developments in technology enable television to overcome some of its previous difficulties and weaknesses. Television's presentational power gives it two unique teaching characteristics: its ability to provide learning materials otherwise unavailable to students, and its ability to enhance the learning process by providing powerful audiovisual images corresponding to certain aspects of cognitive processing. Learning materials available through television include demonstrations of experiments; explanations of concepts, principles or ideas involving movement over space and/or time; opportunities for students to make interpretations; development of skills analysis and application of knowledge to case-study material; opportunity for use of archival audiovisual materials; and demonstration of the whole context in which processes take place. Television can help students to learn new skills and use knowledge that has been acquired through courses, life experiences, or new situations. Enhancing the learning process can be done through illustration (audiovisual images symbolizing concepts or ideas that can imprint themselves in learners' memory); modeling (concrete or physical models of abstract ideas); and supplantation (explicit images as substitutes for images students cannot generate on their own). New technological developments that enhance methods of delivery include broadcasting, videocassettes, videodiscs, cable, and satellite. (DJR)
Descriptors: Audiovisual Aids, Broadcast Television, Cable Television, Case Studies, Cognitive Processes, Communications Satellites, Educational Television, Experiments, Foreign Countries, Higher Education, Illustrations, Modeling (Psychology), Skill Development, Teaching Methods, Videodisks, Videotape Cassettes
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Open Univ., Walton, Bletchley, Bucks (England). Inst. of Educational Technology.
Note: Paper presented at the Austrian "Science Fair" (4th, Vienna, Austria, June 21, 1985).