ERIC Number: ED274205
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1986
Reference Count: 0
Reading in English as a Foreign Language: Some Recent Research.
Research on content area reading in English as a second language (ESL) has focused on the psycholinguistic and educational aspects of reading. Psycholinguistic research has found that reading comprehension is not solely a result of text variables such as sentence complexity and length or vocabulary, but is largely dependent on reader variables, including language competence, and variables in method of testing and experimentation, since comprehension can be measured only indirectly. Much of the research has been psychometric and removed from real-life reading situations, and has not looked at the process of comprehending as distinguished from comprehension, the result. A group of educators in Sweden has taken a phenomenological approach, looking at the learning process and its outcome instead of comprehending and comprehension. These studies call for a more holistic approach to learning and point to new directions in research on ESL content-area reading, such as examining the context from the student's perspective and comparing the learning processes and outcomes of nonnative readers' work in ESL and the native language. This approach would complement current psychometric experimentation and form a better basis for teaching English for academic purposes. (MSE)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Teachers; Practitioners
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: In: WATESOL Working Papers, Number 3, Spring 1986; see FL 016 085.