ERIC Number: ED274063
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1986
Reference Count: 0
Fanfare and Failure: Path Ways to Implementing Change.
Corbett, H. Dickson; Rossman, Gretchen B.
Educators participating in school improvement efforts are likely to follow one of three paths toward implementation of changes, and the most successful projects cut across all three, according to two recent studies. The three processes parallel the three perspectives adopted in research on innovation: technical, emphasizing a rational approach to improving job effectiveness; political, highlighting the power relations involved in altering behavior; and cultural, stressing the norms and values shared by practitioners and the symbolic meanings attached to change efforts. Researchers conducted a 3-year, longitudinal study of 14 elementary and secondary schools undergoing curriculum changes and a 1-year study of three "good" high schools trying to become better. This research report presents in chart form a model of a causal network that depicts the forces at work in schools implementing changes and shows how the three perspectives on innovation interact. The report then discusses the three typical pathways toward innovation and refers to the network model to explain the causal factors at work in each pathway. The report concludes that: (1) antecedent conditions significantly affect project success; and (2) the provision of encouragement and assistance and the alteration of rules and procedures are critical during the process of implementation. (PGD)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (67th, San Francisco, CA, April 16-20, 1986).