ERIC Number: ED273901
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1986-Feb
Reference Count: 0
The Effects of Divorce on Children and Implications for Court Custody Cases.
In the last decade, the rising number of divorces has resulted in large numbers of children lviing in one-parent homes. A review of the literature on the impact of divorce on children's psychosocial adjustment, cognitive development, school peformance, and sex role development revealed several interesting findings. Age of children at time of divorce, length of time elapsed since the divorce, parental stress, parental conflict, and the quality of the parent-child relationship were found to be important factors in children's adjustment. While some findings were relatively consistent, there was not enough consistency to make rigid conclusions about custody decisions based on the effects of divorce on children. The findings do suggest some considerations, however, which together with assessing the emotional characteristics of parent-child relations, have implications for custody decisions. Continued involvement of the father, free or open access between father and child, and a mutually supportive and cooperative co-parental relationship are important factors to look for in deciding what custody decisions would be conducive to the child's psychological adjustment. Joint custody is increasingly being awarded to divorcing parents due to more awareness of the importance of maintaining contact with both parents and there has been more attention given to the child's needs and requests rather than just emphasizing parents' requests in determining custody decisions. Five pages of references conclude the paper. (NB)
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Doctor of Psychology Research Paper, Biola University, California.