ERIC Number: ED273888
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1986-Aug
Reference Count: 0
The Effects of Alcohol on the Speed of Memory Retrieval.
Stempel, Jennifer J.; And Others
Recent research has clearly indicated that intoxication with alcohol impairs memory. The present study investigated the effects of alcohol on retrieval from long-term memory by using a set of cognitive decision tasks. Subjects (N=24) were female college students in good health not taking oral contraceptives. Subjects were administered 0 or 1.0 ml/kg body weight of absolute alcohol (vodka) diluted in a lemonade and peppermint masking solution. After time for alcohol absorption, subjects made physical, lexical, and semantic decisions about pairs of words. Intoxicated subjects responded significantly more slowly than placebo subjects for the lexical and semantic decision, although there were no alcohol effects observed in reaction times. These results suggest that alcohol-induced memory defects may be the result of a slower rate of cognitive operations on the part of intoxicated subjects that impairs the efficiency of their working memory operations. (References are included.) (Author/ABL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association (94th, Washington, DC, August 22-26, 1986).