ERIC Number: ED273874
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1986-Aug
Reference Count: 0
Self and Peer Perceptions and Attributional Biases of Aggressive and Nonaggressive Boys in Dyadic Interactions.
Lochman, John E.
Recently, research has begun to identify the social cognitive dysfunctions that aggressive children display. Using noninteractive laboratory tasks, aggressive children were found to perceive more hostile intentions from others in ambiguous situations than did nonaggressive children. Research has not investigated if this bias occurs in truly interactive settings. This study hypothesizes that aggressive boys and nonaggresive boys will have differences in their absolute perceptions of their own and their peer partners' aggressiveness, and in their attributions for relative responsibility for aggression in actual social interactions. Aggressive (n=20) and nonaggressive (n=18) boys were selected from fourth and fifth grades at four elementary schools. Aggressive and nonaggressive behavior was identified by their teachers. Results indicated that aggressive boys did display different attributional processes about perceived aggression than did nonaggressive boys in actual social interactions. Perhaps the most notable finding involved the differential ways, in opposite status pairs, in which aggressive boys attributed relatively greater aggression to their peer partner than to themselves, while nonaggressive boys displayed the opposite pattern by perceiving themselves as being more aggressive than their partners. Aggressive boys' awareness of their own behavior may be enhanced in an intervention by using a role-playing procedure which incorporates their own and peers' behavior. (ABL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Mental Health (DHHS), Bethesda, MD.; North Carolina State Div. of Mental Health, Raleigh. Mental Retardation and Substance Abuse Services.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association (94th, Washington, DC, August 22-26, 1986).