ERIC Number: ED273588
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1986-Apr-12
Reference Count: 0
Apparent and Actual Use of Observational Frameworks by Experienced Teachers.
Satern, Miriam N.
This study investigated observational strategies that were used by six experienced physical education teachers when viewing a videotape of motor skills (standing vertical jump, overarm throw, tennis serve, basketball jump shot and dance sequence). Four observational frameworks were proposed as being representative of subdisciplinary knowledge bases within the study of human movement. Laban and Lawrence's Effort-analysis framework (1974) proposes that the criteria for efficiency of human movement is the right proportion of weight, space, time, and control of movement. Cooper and Glassow's Kinesiological framework (1976) proposes that a similarity in joint actions and sequencing of the actions exists among skills within patterns of movements. Hay and Reid's Biomechanical (1982) framework proposes theoretical models in the form of block diagrams to serve as the basis for identifying faults in a performance. Roberton and Halverson's (1984) Developmental framework proposes that common development of the biophysiologic system exists across individuals. Analysis of the observers' comments after observations of the videotaped skills indicated that the observational framework chosen depended upon the background, knowledge, and experience of the observer; that some observers used different observational models for the different skill sequences; and that those observers who used the same observational model often used the same language and descriptive phrases when discussing the skills. (CB)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the National Convention of the American Alliance for Health, Physical Education, Recreation and Dance (Cincinnati, OH, April 10-13, 1986).