ERIC Number: ED273568
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1984-Nov
Reference Count: 0
The Effects of School Reform on the Egalitarianism of the Schools.
Cusick, Philip C.
Several reforms recently proposed for secondary schools and their impact on students and schools are discussed. One type of reform being proposed for secondary schools is aimed at students and at the schools' power to make sorting judgments about students. Examples of these reforms are differentiated diplomas, minimal competency tests for graduation, reduced electives, and increased academic requirements. Such changes affect the students who will have to comply with these reforms and also affect the structure of the schools by giving them increased power to make judgments about students. Another type of proposed reform is aimed at the organizational aspects of schools. Such changes include curriculum reorganization, itemizing what is to be learned, what students are supposed to accomplish, and how teachers and learning are to be evaluated. These processes will increase the number and power of administrators and supervisors, decrease the discretion of teachers and students, and increase the level of bureaucracy in schools. A more hierarchial, bureaucratically-governed educational structure is emerging. In such a situation, an increased number of judgments about students will be made, and it may be difficult to avoid lodging the more pejorative judgments against the economically poorer students. (JD)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: American Educational Research Association, Washington, DC.
Note: Paper prepared for the American Educational Research Association Project: Research Contributions for Educational Improvement. For related documents, see ED 257 032, SP 026 402-404, and SP 026 406-411.