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ERIC Number: ED273396
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1985
Pages: 34
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
The Effects of Child-Centered Group Play Sessions on Social-Emotional Growth of Four- and Five-Year-Old Bilingual Puerto Rican Children.
Trostle, Susan Louise
This study was designed to investigate the effects of child-centered group play sessions (using the play therapy interaction approach) and sex differences on self-control, free play, and sociometric ratings in young bilingual Puerto Rican children. The participants in the study were 48 bilingual Puerto Rican four- and five-year-old children from two predominately Hispanic Southeastern Pennsylvania urban communities. Analyses made of pre-test scores for the dependent measures yielded no significant differences among groups. The main anlayses consisted of three 2 (treatment) x 2 (sex) analyses of variance with repeated measures (ANOVA), using pre- and post-measures on self-control behaviors, free play ratings, and sociometric scores. Separate post hoc Tukey tests were run on each of the three main dependent measures. Results showed that children who received group play sessions outperformed those in the control group on the self-control and free play rating scales; boys in the experimental treatment outperformed both girls in the experimental treatment and all children in the control group on the sociometric measure. The results were interpreted and discussed in terms of non-directive humanistic theories of play therapy (e.g., Rogerian) as they relate to intervention techniques for meeting personal and emotional needs of children in underserved minority groups. (Author/RH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A