ERIC Number: ED273392
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1985-Dec
Child Health in China. World Bank Staff Working Papers, Number 767.
Young, Mary E.; Prost, Andre
Utilizing mainly Chinese publications, this paper reviews the existing data on childhood diseases in order to assess the health status and morbidity patterns of Chinese children. China's infant mortality rate is among the very lowest in the developing world. The number of post-neonatal deaths as a proportion of total infant deaths has decreased to a level comparable to that of a developed country. The epidemiologic pattern of vaccine preventable diseases indicates that immunization activities have had a significant impact on the occurrence of these diseases. The overall prevalence of infectious diseases is decreasing and, relatively, the frequency of congenital defects is increasing as a major cause of childhood mortality. However, fecal-borne diseases such as dysentery, hepatitis, and ascariasis are still the predominant causes of morbidity. A secular improvement in the nutritional status of Chinese children is noted, but mild to moderate malnutrition still persists. Discussion focuses on several issues: the impact of the one-child family policy, which is creating different demands on the maternal and child health care service network; technological shortcomings in immunization activities, which are affecting coverage; the lack of better technical training, which is influencing health reporting and surveillance systems; and the lack of corrective programs to further decrease malnutrition. (Author/RH)
Descriptors: Children, Diseases, Foreign Countries, Health, Health Services, Infants, Mothers, Nutrition, Program Implementation, Tables (Data)
Publication Sales Unit, Department T, The World Bank, 1818 H Street, N.W., Washington, DC 20433 ($5.00).
Publication Type: Numerical/Quantitative Data; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: World Bank, Washington, DC.
Identifiers - Location: China