ERIC Number: ED273235
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1984-Nov
Reference Count: 0
Organizational Adaptation: Managing in Complexly Changing Environments.
Zammuto, Raymond F.
A model of strategic adaptation that focuses on how organizations adapt to both conditions of growth and decline is presented. The theoretical structure underlying the model is considered, with attention to organizations, niches, and environments, as well as environmental change and evolving niches. The model attempts to reconcile the perspectives of environmental determinism and managerial choice. The importance of the interplay of population characteristics that define an ecological niche is considered, including competition with the niche and organization types (e.g., entrepreneurs and prospectors, defenders and analyzers). The dynamics of adaptation at the population and organizational levels of analysis are covered in outline form. The role of individuals in formulating and implementing strategic organizational responses to changing environmental conditions is also addressed, with attention to the impact of perceptions and attributions in the adaptation process, and the role of leaders. The concept of interpretive strategy as an important factor in the formulation and implementation of effective strategies is introduced, using research being conducted by the National Center for Higher Education Management Systems. (SW)
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: National Center for Higher Education Management Systems, Boulder, CO.