ERIC Number: ED273149
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1985
Reference Count: 0
Second Language Learning in Children: A Proposed Model.
Fillmore, Lily Wong
Three types of processes occur in language learning, each intricately connected with the others. Social processes are the steps by which learners and target language speakers create a social situation in which target language communication is possible and desired. Linguistic processes are the ways in which assumptions held by target language speakers cause them to select, modify, and support the linguistic data produced for the sake of the learners. Cognitive processes involve the analytical procedures and operations taking place in learners' heads and ultimately resulting in acquisition of the language, and can be general or specialized for language learning. Both types of cognitive processes are involved in language learning, but in first language learning the specialized processes dominate, and in second language learning the general processes are more heavily involved. These processes work or do not work in relation to variation in three components of language learning: the learners, the target language speakers who provide access to the language, and the social setting that brings them together frequently enough for learning to occur. Much of the variability in language learning can be attributed to differences among learners in the application of cognitive mechanisms and ability, but can also be related to differences in the other two components. (MSE)
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: In: English Language Development. Proceedings of a Conference on Issues in English Language Development for Minority Language Education (Arlington, VA, July 24, 1985); see FL 015 974.