ERIC Number: ED272841
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1986
Reference Count: 0
The Validity of Cloze Tests in Relation to a Psycholinguistic Conceptualization of Reading Comprehension.
Rankin, Earl F.; Helm, Phoebe
Forum for Reading, v17 n2 p46-59 Spr-Sum 1986
Reading comprehension, viewed from a psycholinguistic perspective, is a process of mapping new information into existing knowledge structures and is similar to general thinking, reasoning, and problem solving. Reading comprehension is an active process--a dialogue between writer and reader--and an integration of the printed page and the reader's mind. Despite publication of much research supporting the validity of cloze tests as measures of reading comprehension over a period of about 30 years, both the content and the construct validity of cloze tests are still questioned. Further research and a review of the literature indicate that the content validity of cloze tests as measures of a meaningful construct of comprehension is stronger than for conventional reading comprehension tests, which have a higher validity only because of the uncritical acceptance of conventional reading test formats as models for the valid measurement of reading comprehension. Furthermore, the construct of reading comprehension measured by cloze tests is more theoretically and empirically meaningful than notions of reading comprehension embodied in conventional reading tests. A three-page list of references concludes the document. (SRT)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Journal Articles
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: "Forum for Reading" is the journal of the College Reading Improvement Special Interest Group of the International Reading Association.