ERIC Number: ED272826
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1986-Aug
Reference Count: 0
A Multidimensional Scaling Analysis of Spontaneous Causal Thinking After Divorce.
Brown, Steven D.; Blake, Rex
Research on the role of life events in human development has revealed the importance of cognitive processes in pre- and post-event coping. Prior research, however, has primarily studied the role of a priori, theoretical or experientially developed cognitive taxonomies in transition coping. A study was conducted to explore the underlying cognitive dimensions associated with one major type of life event (divorce) through multidimensional scaling analyses. Subjects were 46 college students, approximately one-half of whom had experienced a divorce or separation in their families. Subjects sorted 111 statements, generated from an earlier sample of separated adults who listed questions they had asked themselves about their divorce, into categories according to the perceived meanings of the statements. Nonmetric multidimensional scaling analyses of these similarity judgments revealed that a three-dimensional solution best portrayed the structure of the data: (1) attribution versus action; (2) self versus other focus; and (3) psychological versus practical coping issues. The methodological limitations and counseling implications of the results are discussed. (Author/ABL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association (94th, Washington, DC, August 22-26, 1986).