ERIC Number: ED272802
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1986-Aug
Reference Count: 0
Development of Cognitive Structures about Alcoholic Beverages among Preschoolers: II.
Noll, Robert B.; And Others
Little is known about very young children's conception of alcoholic beverages and their uses. A study was conducted to determine whether preschool children's ability to correctly access a cognitive network about alcoholic beverages can be related to differences in family exposure to alcohol. Preschoolers (N=57) between the ages of 2.5 and 6 years were asked to try to identify nine substances first by smell alone and then again with photographs as cues. Three of the substances were beer, wine, and whiskey. Parents completed a Food and Beverage Questionnaire and a demographic questionnaire. The results demonstrated that virtually all of the preschoolers were able to provide accurate verbal labels for substances used primarily by adults that were presented only by smell. Older children performed better on the task than did younger children, although nearly all of the children were successful at correctly identifying at least one of the three alcoholic beverages. Children with heavier drinking parents correctly identified alcoholic beverages by smell more accurately, and with fewer cues, than did children from homes where less drinking occurred. These results demonstrated that the development of cognitive structures for alcohol occurs very early in the child's life. These findings have serious prevention implications and suggest that models of adolescent deviance probably need to take greater account of earlier individual differences in learning and the cognitive consequences that result from such differences. (Author/NB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association (94th, Washington, DC, August 22-26, 1986). For related document, see CG 019 284.