ERIC Number: ED272783
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1986-Aug
Reference Count: 0
Relationships between Personality Factors and Types of Test Items in a College Multiple-Choice Exam.
Weiss, Anna G.; Rohwer, William D., Jr.
Three main facets have been postulated to interactively comprise the student achievement complex. These include the student's motivational make-up, study behaviors and strategies, and cognitive and self-management demands with student study activities. This investigation is a subset of a series of studies on personality correlates, study strategies, and academic achievement. As a part of a test battery, the California Psychological Inventory (CPI) and two forms of the Study Activity Survey (SAS), a self-report inventory of students' study behaviors, were administered to 220 college students. Criterion information consisted of two pools of 50- and 150-item examinations given in an introductory psychology course. These test items were coded into fact and comprehension categories and correlated with subsets of both CPI scales and SAS clusters of items. The results revealed systematic patterns of achievement orientation and type of test item. Study strategies varied non-randomly with both personality patterns and item types in the examination. Implications for refinement of techniques to identify the non-optimal student, aids in studying, and design of examinations in college social science classes are discussed. (Author/ABL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association (94th, Washington, DC, August 22-26, 1986).