ERIC Number: ED272737
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1986-Feb
Reference Count: 0
Worklife Estimates: Effects of Race and Education. Bulletin 2254.
Smith, Shirley J.
A study presented a new set of official worklife estimates based on patterns observed during the period 1979-80. Two new dimensions were added to the discussion: the effects of race and of educational background on lifetime labor force behavior. The new figures were calculated from information collected in the Current Population Survey. The worklife expectancy of adult men held relatively steady, while that of women continued to edge upward. For both sexes, indications were that many retirement decisions were being reversed. Race seemed to have more bearing on worklife patterns of men than of women. Minority men were both more likely to leave the labor force and less likely to reenter than whites. The racial differential for women affected timing of movement more than it did overall volume. Educational attainment was the more important factor affecting worklife patterns of women. Women appeared to reap twice as much "payoff" from additional schooling as do men. Their additional training appeared to drive up the opportunity costs of alternative activities, encouraging longer and more continuous careers for those who pursued higher education. For both sexes, higher education was associated with later retirement. (Twenty-two tables present the analyzed data. A technical appendix describes methodology.) (YLB)
Descriptors: Adults, Career Education, Educational Attainment, Educational Background, Employed Women, Employment Patterns, Influences, Race, Racial Factors, Retirement, Work Life Expectancy
Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC 20402.
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Numerical/Quantitative Data
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Bureau of Labor Statistics (DOL), Washington, DC.