ERIC Number: ED272625
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1985
Helping and Being Helped in Cooperating Interracial Groups: Effects on Respect and Liking for Group Members.
Cook, Stuart W.
Three-person interracial teams were presented with a series of problems in a business management simulation. Two team members were experimental confederates, one black and one white. The remaining team member was the research subject, a young white male from a region frequently associated with racial prejudice. In the course of the experiment, the subject was exposed to one of three conditions: (1) he received voluntarily provided help from a teammate; (2) he received help from a teammate instructed in his presence to provide help; or (3) he did not receive help. In addition, the race of the helping teammate and the team's success or failure were varied. Previous research on helping behavior found that recipients of help often show less liking for their helpers than for others who do not provide help. Presumably, this happens because the recipient is left with feelings of lowered self-esteem and unfulfilled indebtedness to the donor. However, in this experiment, respect and liking for teammates who voluntarily helped was found to be significantly greater than that for teammates in the no-help condition. Respect and liking for instructed helpers was at an intermediate level. Findings were similar regardless of team success or failure, or race of helper. (MCK)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A