ERIC Number: ED272511
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1986
Reference Count: 0
Perspectives on Performance-Based Incentive Plans.
Duttweiler, Patricia Cloud; Ramos-Cancel, Maria L.
This document is a synthesis of the current literature on performance-based incentive systems for teachers and administrators. Section one provides an introduction to the reform movement and to performance-based pay initiatives; a definition of terms; a brief discussion of funding sources; a discussion of compensation strategies; a description of the theoretical basis for conceptions of the work of teaching; and a discussion of the organizational context in which all incentive plans must function. The second section offers a brief historical perspective on the current situation and a discussion of teachers' salaries and the "benefits package" associated with teaching; it also offers a review of the conditions that make a teaching career less attractive to those who have the option to choose another profession. In section three, a discussion is presented on the theoretical and practical issues concerning performance evaluation. The section deals with: product- and prcess-oriented evaluation and the issues of reliability and validity of both; rater bias and the selection and training of evaluators; the use of student-achievement measures; and the effects of performance evaluations on minority teachers. Section four presents problems experienced in previous programs; four major incentive strategies and assumptions on which each is based; a set of steps for planning and implementing a performance-based incentive plan; and a brief review of some of the legal issues involved in such plans. The final section presents a summary of experiences, and the lessons learned from those experiences in a number of districts and states that are involved in the implementation of some form of incentive plan. Eight pages of references are appended. (JD)
Descriptors: Career Ladders, Elementary Secondary Education, Incentives, Job Performance, Merit Pay, Minority Groups, Participative Decision Making, Program Costs, Program Evaluation, Teacher Effectiveness, Teacher Evaluation, Teacher Motivation, Teacher Salaries
Publications Office, Southwest Educational Developmental Laboratory, 233 E. 7th Street, Austin, TX 78701 ($7.65).
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive; Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Southwest Educational Development Lab., Austin, TX.