ERIC Number: ED272275
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1986-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Microcomputer Use in Kindergarten and at Home: Design of the Study and Effects of Computer Use on School Readiness.
McGarvey, Linda; And Others
The purpose of this study was to systematically examine the cognitive and social effects of the use of microcomputers with kindergarten children in the school and at home. Three schools received microcomputers for use in kindergarten classrooms and each student in one of the classrooms was provided a PCjr and educational software to use at home. Software used by the children consisted of games, simulations, and drill and practice programs that coincided with the goals of the kindergarten curriculum. Two additional schools served as control groups. It was hypothesized that computer-using classrooms would make larger academic gains than the other classes. It was also expected that the home use group would gain more than the classroom use only group. The impact of the use of microcomputers was assessed by a criterion referenced pre- and post-test based on the objectives of the school district's kindergarten curriculum guides. The test included subsections concerning reading readiness, mathematics, Piagetian cognitive operations, and keyboard knowledge. Findings indicated that the use of microcomputers in the classroom facilitated the acquisition of school readiness skills. When supplemented by concurrent computing activities at home, academic gains were even greater. No indication was found that computing experiences interfere with the normal cognitive development of preschoolers, and no gender-related differences in cognitive gains achieved were found. (RH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (67th, San Francisco, CA, April 16-20, 1986).