ERIC Number: ED272109
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1977
Previous Attempts To Structure Educational Outcomes and Outcome-Related Concepts: A Compilation and Review of the Literature.
Lenning, Oscar T.
A compilation of 89 structural frameworks or classifications of outcomes of higher education is presented. Each classification system or model is discussed according to the time it entered the literature. The classifications are grouped into three areas: impacts on individuals, impacts on society, and impacts on individuals and society. Some of the classifications that center on individuals have specific subtopics: eight focus on intellectual development; seven focus on emotional, cultural, and social development; and nine focus on physical and psychomotor development. Frameworks focusing on intellectual development cover effects of education on the acquisition of cognitive skills, knowledge, and understanding. A total of 35 of the classifications cover broad outcomes that affect the individual. Of the four classifications concerned with impacts on society, one covers research and development outcomes of education, and another, the social purposes of public schools. Twenty-two classifications have a broader focus on both the individual and societal outcomes of education. Included is information on the outcomes structure developed by the National Center for Higher Education Management Systems. In addition to narrative descriptions of the frameworks, charts and flowcharts provide further illustration. (SW)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Reference Materials - Directories/Catalogs; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: National Center for Higher Education Management Systems, Boulder, CO.
Note: For related documents, see HE 019 557 and HE 019 560-561.