ERIC Number: ED271915
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1985
Reference Count: 0
An Experimental Analysis of General Case Simulation Instruction and the Establishment and Maintenance of Work Performance in Severely Handicapped Students.
Woolcock, William Woodrow
This doctoral dissertation examines the extent to which general case simulation instruction on a janitorial task sequence and a housekeeping task sequence conducted with four secondary and postsecondary age persons with moderate mental retardation resulted in generalized performance. A multiple baseline design across subjects and behaviors was used to assess subject performance in simulation instruction, on concurrent and subsequent actual job probes, and in actual job instruction. Data indicated that simulation instruction on two representative teaching examples for each of two job task sequences resulted in concurrent generalized performance on six response examples for each task sequence, and in subsequent improvements in job entry skills which were maintained and extended during actual job instruction and instructor withdrawal phases. Results are discussed in terms of potential uses and misuses of general case simulations of community job skills. An extensive literature review of 57 items is included on: (1) high school programs for the severely handicapped students; (2) adult vocational and nonvocational day placements; (3) alternatives to the continuum of services; and (4) generalization. A short version of this document (26 pages) prepared for journal publication, and authored by William Woodrow Woolcock, Steven R. Lyon, and Karin P. Woolcock, is appended. There are textual and reference differences between the two documents. (Author/CL)
Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses - Doctoral Dissertations; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Special Education Programs (ED/OSERS), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Pittsburgh Univ., PA.
Note: Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Pittsburgh. Some illustrations contain small type.