ERIC Number: ED271834
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1985
Reference Count: 0
Cost-Outcome Analysis: Streamlining Techniques. Evaluation Guide Number 16.
Smith, Jana K.
Streamlining involves the modification of cost-analysis methods to make them more appropriate for the limited time and resources, and immediate information needs, of local-level program evaluations. It can also enhance the reliability and validity of district-level studies. A review of existing texts of cost analysis and of studies of traditional cost analysis methods reveals their limited usefulness for district-level evaluators and strengthens the argument for the use of streamlined methods. This guide focuses primarily on two stages of a cost-outcome analysis: measurement of program costs and measurement of program outcomes. Measuring program costs involves: (1) listing program resources; (2) identifying resources representing direct cost to the district; and (3) determining the cost of resources. The parameters of the program, the reliability of "free" resources, as well as present and annualized values need to be included in the total cost figure, and a sensitivity analysis should be conducted. Streamlining the measurement of program outlines involves attention to using a quasi-experimental design, evaluating a single program, and the use of one or more of four cost analysis methods: (1) cost-feasibility; (2) cost-utility; (3) cost-effectiveness; and (4) cost-benefit. A brief annotated bibliography is appended. (IW)
Publication Type: Guides - Non-Classroom; Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Administrators; Practitioners
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Northwest Regional Educational Lab., Portland, OR. Research on Evaluation Program.