ERIC Number: ED271282
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1986-Jun
Reference Count: 0
The Hired Farm Working Force of 1983: A Statistical Profile. Agricultural Economic Report No. 554.
Pollack, Susan L.
In 1983, about 2.6 million people 14 years of age and older did hired farmwork. Most of the woekers were White (73%), under 25 years old (50%), and male (78%). Hispanics made up 13% of the work force, and Blacks and other minority groups made up 14%. There were significant regional differences in racial/ethnic composition. Hispanic workers were concentrated in the Southern Plains, Mountain, and Pacific farm production regions. Blacks and others were predominantly located in the Southeast, Delta, and Appalachian regions. Only 16% of hired farm laborers lived on farms. Their median level of education was 10.7 years. Their average number of days of farmwork was 100. Regular and year-round farmworkers (those working 150 days or more) made up only one-fourth of the work force but accounted for over two-thirds of the worker-days. Overall, hired farmworkers earned an average of $4,815 from both farm- and nonfarmwork, of which $3,138 came from farmwork. Only 9% of hired farmworkers were migrants. The number of hired farmworkers did not change much during the last decade. However, the composition of the work force did change: workers in 1981-83 were older and did more days of hired farmwork than workers in 1971-73. (JHZ)
Descriptors: Age Differences, Agricultural Laborers, Blacks, Census Figures, Demography, Educational Attainment, Employed Women, Employment Patterns, Employment Statistics, Ethnic Groups, Farm Labor, Geographic Distribution, Hispanic Americans, Labor Force, Migrant Workers, Place of Residence, Seasonal Laborers, Sex Differences, Socioeconomic Background, Tables (Data), Wages, Whites, Worker Days
Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC 20402.
Publication Type: Numerical/Quantitative Data; Reports - General
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Economic Research Service (USDA), Washington, DC.
Note: For the 1981 report, see ED 238 620.