ERIC Number: ED271273
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1985-May
Reference Count: 0
The School Psychologist in the Rural Education Context.
Rural school psychologists face unique challenges because of inherent rural attributes including sparse populations, geographic and climatic barriers, and traditional value systems. Mental health resources are typically inadequate in rural America, and the comprehensive roles of well trained school psychologists are frequently misunderstood in rural schools. This paper discusses the rural education context and contrasts the settings of rural and nonrural practitioners. Rural factors that inhibit comprehensive service delivery are discussed as are the difficulties involved in recruiting and retaining qualified school psychologists. An overview of the historical and current use of school psychologists in rural areas is presented. Emerging rural service delivery models and variables to be used in designing appropriate models are discussed, including establishing special education cooperatives and other collaborative structures, interfacing with university training programs, interagency collaboration, training paraprofessionals and existing school personnel to fill multiple roles, and fully using parent and community resources in the schools. It is recommended that preservice training attend to the unique skills and knowledge required of the rural practitioner and that positive inherent rural attributes be fully utilized. It is also recommended that the growing interest of the profession of psychology in rural service delivery include an interdisciplinary focus. A 26-item bibliography is appended. (Author/NEC)
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Western Washington Univ., Bellingham. National Rural Development Inst.