ERIC Number: ED271199
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1985-Nov-12
Reference Count: 0
Women's Work and Child Care in the Third World: A Discussion. Summary Report.
Myers, Robert G.
Two areas of social action in developing nations that have received attention in the last decade are the survival and healthy development of children, and the social and economic well-being of women. In both areas, there has been concern about the relation between women's work and child welfare, but from two different points of view. One view comes from the Women-in-Development (WID) community. Focussing primarily on women's productive roles, WID programs tend either to downplay women's child care responsibilities or to assume that adequate substitute child care is available. They are also likely to assume that children will benefit from women's increased earnings and from the greater control by women over the use of resources that women's work can bring. Another view is typical of policy makers and researchers concerned with child health, nutrition, and development who assume that women should devote themselves primarily to their reproductive and child care roles and that they are available to do so. A corollary is that if women take on a productive role, particularly one outside the home, the welfare of children will suffer. Often, there is little recognition of the additional burdens child survival and development programs may place on women. Or, there is an assumption that seemingly minor burdens will result in longer-term benefits for women through savings of time and money associated with reduced child illness. These summaries of background papers and discussion examine available research evidence related to the above propositions, and report program and policy implications. (Author/RH)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: High/Scope Educational Research Foundation, Ypsilanti, MI.; International Center for Research on Women, Washington, DC.; Carnegie Corp. of New York, NY.
Authoring Institution: United Nations Children's Fund, New York, NY.
Note: Paper presented at a Meeting at the International Center for Research on Women (Washington, DC, November 12, 1985).