ERIC Number: ED271166
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1986
Reference Count: N/A
Growth of an American Invention: A Documentary History of the Junior and Community College Movement. Contributions to the Study of Education, Number 16.
Selected documents representing major stages and issues in the development of the American community college are presented in this compilation in a largely chronological format. First, an introductory essay traces the development of the American two-year college, looking at the social forces which led to the establishment of the first junior colleges, the characteristics of these institutions, and their evolution into today's community colleges. Part 1 presents historical materials offering a portrait of higher education in the 19th century. Part 2 contains materials related to early junior college developments, including essays by William Rainey Harper, A. F. Lange, P. P. Claxton, and Leonard V. Koos, as well as a summary of an early national study of the junior college by Floyd M. McDowell. In part 3, the effects of the depression on the junior college, post-World War II federal interest in the institution, and the emergence of a new concept and form of the junior college--the community college--are documented. Finally, part 4 offers a selection of materials on issues that have recurred throughout the history of the two-year college, including educational access, international students, the college transfer function, the ideology of the community college, the terminal student, vocational education, and visions of the future. A brief bibliographic essay is included. (AYC)
Descriptors: Access to Education, College Role, Community Colleges, Educational Development, Educational History, Educational Objectives, Educational Trends, Foreign Students, Futures (of Society), Primary Sources, Transfer Policy, Two Year Colleges, Vocational Education
Greenwood Press, Inc., 88 Post Road West, Westport, CT 06881 ($29.95).
Publication Type: Historical Materials; Opinion Papers; Books
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A