ERIC Number: ED270819
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1986-Aug
Reference Count: 0
Women and Racial Minorities in the Media Labor Force, 1970-80.
Beam, Randal A.
Data were extracted from the public use samples of the 1970 and 1980 United States censuses in order to (1) determine how successful the American media have been in hiring more racial minorities and women, (2) evaluate how changes in the media labor force correlate with changes in the nature of the news and information that the news media produce, and (3) point up how sampling strategies can dramatically affect the portrait painted of an occupational group. The respondents included in the subsamples listed their occupation as reporters or editors, worked 35 hours or more a week, and were employed in one of three industries: newspaper printing and publishing, nonnewspaper printing and publishing (periodicals and books) or radio and television broadcasting. The 1970 subsample had 757 respondents, while the 1980 subsample had 1,080 respondents. The data revealed that the representation of women in the media labor force rose substantially from 1970 to 1980 and that women were paid less than men, although this difference appeared to be shrinking. For racial minorities, the data also revealed growth in representation, although minorities appeared to be paid less than whites. Taking education, gender, and age into account, minority status did not significantly contribute to variance in wage and salary income. Since these findings differed from noncensus studies, the study concluded that differences in sampling strategies can substantially affect the picture of the labor force presented. Footnotes and data tables are appended. (HOD)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication (69th, Norman, OK, August 3-6, 1986).