ERIC Number: ED270791
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1986-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Word Processor versus "The Pencil" Effects on Writing.
Schanck, Emily T.
In a study to determine the effects of writing on the computer versus traditional writing by hand, 22 fourth grade students were randomly assigned to samples using either a computer or paper and pencil. The study hypothesized that (1) children are not more willing to revise and improve their writing using a word processor when compared to the pencil and paper approach, (2) students will not want to write more often or produce longer compositions, (3) typing ability does not present special problems to students alienated from writing, (4) students will not transfer learning from word processing writing to manual writing, and (5) writing with a word processor does not change writers' behavior. Three creative writing topics were assigned during consecutive weeks. The control group was instructed to complete all writing manually, while the experimental group completed all writing from beginning stages to the final draft on the computer. The stories were analyzed according to the amount and type of editing and revision attempted. Results showed no significant differences in the editing or revising of the two groups. A literature review on microcomputer usage and writing achievement is included. (Tables of data are appended.) (HOD)
Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses; Reports - Research; Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Requirement for a master's degree, Kean College of New Jersey.