ERIC Number: ED270750
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1986-Aug
Reference Count: 0
Sex-Role Stereotyping in Writing the News: Another Look at the Influence of Reporter and Source Gender.
Turk, Judy VanSlyke
To determine whether gender bias and stereotypes filter into reporters' consciousness affecting what they write about women, a study replicated research conducted in 1984 at Syracuse University that found evidence of such bias and stereotypes. Subjects, 12 graduate and 149 undergraduate students enrolled in newswriting classes at the University of Oklahoma, and Louisiana State University, were given a packet of information containing a press conference transcript, a biography of a news source, and a copy of handwritten notes ostensibly taken by a reporter at the conference. The information in the packets was identical, except for the sex of the information source--which was given as male in approximately half of the packets, female in the rest. The students were told to write a news story about the conference using only the packets. Each assertion in the stories was coded as either personal or professional. The coder then decided if each assertion was masculine, feminine, or neutral. The results generally were consistent with the findings of the Syracuse study, with some divergence. While neither found a significant interaction effect between reporter's sex and source sex, the relationship between the number of feminine assertions and source sex that had been significant in the Syracuse study was not significant in the replication--nor were any of the relationships between assertions and sex found to be significant in the replication. The findings suggest that whatever gender-stereotyping did exist was perhaps due more to chance than to any pattern of ingrained, institutionalized bias. (FL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication (69th, Norman, OK, August 3-6, 1986).