ERIC Number: ED270618
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1983-Nov
Reference Count: 0
Sibling Influences on the Career Plans of Male and Female Youth.
Morgan, William R.
This study was conducted to establish the existence, direction, and size of sibling comparison effects on the occupational aspirations of youth. Data were drawn from the youth cohort subsample of the National Longitudinal Surveys of Labor Market Experience, sampling those with expressed occupational aspirations who come from homes with four or fewer children, over the four-year period, 1979 to 1982. The principal finding of the study was that brothers, and brothers only, reinforce one another's occupational aspirations during the critical years of occupational identity formation when youth are beginning to make the transition to full-time employment. The apparent absence of a similar socialization mechanism between sisters may be one further hidden barrier to the career development of females. The social comparison process that is hypothesized to underlie this tendency for brothers to use one another's aspirations in forming their own is facilitated in families where a degree of male sibling rivalry and competition is permitted and encouraged. Similar rivalry and competition between sisters is likely to be discouraged, especially to the extent that parents consider such behavior inappropriate to the traditional feminine role. The study concluded that to the extent that the various assumptions built into the research design prove correct, the finding of a sex difference in sibling influence suggests that one traditional socialization difference was still strong in 1982. The report contains numerous tables showing the effects of family constellation (particularly number of siblings and birth order), race, and socioeconomic influence on the occupational aspirations of young people. An 18-item reference list and an appendix describing the method used in recovering the relationships among the respondents are included. (KC)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Employment and Training Administration (DOL), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Center for Human Resource Research.