ERIC Number: ED270366
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1984
Reference Count: 0
Reducing Fertility in Developing Countries: A Review of Determinants and Policy Levers. World Bank Staff Working Papers No. 680 and Population and Development Series, No. 5.
Bulatao, Rodolfo A.
The determinants of fertility and attempts to extract conclusions that are relevant for fertility reduction policies in developing countries are investigated. The paper suggests that socioeconomic development has a decisive effect in lowering fertility in the long run but in the short run, and for specific households, the effect is not as conclusive. The study suggests that education, especially for women, fairly reliably reduces fertility, though its effect may take years to appear. Improved health and lower mortality also contribute to lower fertility, through both biological and behavioral channels. The effect of female employment, in contrast, is uncertain and undependable. Other determinants, i.e., fertility behaviors such as later marriage, longer breastfeeding, and more frequent fertility regulation through contraception or abortion, are explored. Cross-national patterns and trends for each of these behaviors are summarized. Specific programs to raise women's status and delay marriage, to educate people about breastfeeding and to make it more convenient, and to apply safe and effective contraception are explored and evaluated. (RSL)
Descriptors: Contraception, Demography, Developing Nations, Family Size, Overpopulation, Parent Education, Population Distribution, Population Education, Population Growth, Population Trends, Research Reports, Trend Analysis
Publications Sales Unit, Department T, The World Bank, 1818 H Street, N.W., Washington, DC 20433.
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: World Bank, Washington, DC.
Note: For related documents, see SO 017 156-157 and SO 017 160-164.