ERIC Number: ED270013
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1986-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Relationships between Work and Life away from Work among University Faculty: Gender and Rank Effects.
Sorcinelli, Mary Deane; Near, Janet P.
Spillover between work and life away from work was studied with 100 college faculty, who lived in a small college town, where work and life outside of work appear closely bound. The effects of gender and academic rank on the incidence of spillover between work and nonwork were assessed. Faculty from humanities and natural sciences departments and two professional schools were studied. Interviews and questionnaires were completed by assistant professors, associate professors, full professors under age 50, and full professors age 50 and over. Seventy-two percent of the sample were male, and 28% were female. Information was obtained on career choice, opportunities and constraints, transitions and aspirations, the effect of life away from work on academic careers, interests, incentives, and work and nonwork satisfactions. Both family-work linkages and leisure-work linkages were examined. Spillover was found for this population, although no significant sex differences were found. While half of the sample reported positive spillover between work and family or personal life, half also described stresses in balancing time and commitment to family with career aspirations. No significant differences in spillover of the work-family linkage was found by rank; however, significant differences were associated with rank in spillover of work and leisure. (SW)
Descriptors: Academic Rank (Professional), Age Groups, College Faculty, Family Life, Females, Higher Education, Individual Needs, Job Satisfaction, Leisure Time, Life Satisfaction, Males, Occupational Aspiration, Stress Variables, Teacher Attitudes, Teacher Characteristics, Teacher Welfare, Well Being
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (San Francisco, CA, April 16-20, 1986).