ERIC Number: ED269888
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1986-Apr-19
Reference Count: 0
Theories and Models as Metaphors: Building a Science of Supervision.
Sergiovanni, Thomas J.
Our ways of thinking about the world determine the methods we find useful for studying the world. These methods in turn determine what we learn about the world and therefore how we define reality. As aspects of cultural science, teaching and supervision should not be studied using methods suitable for the natural sciences--the cultural sciences are mind-dependent and the natural sciences are mind-independent. Teaching and supervisory practices should not be bound to single standards, since effective practice is responsive to its own context. Models of teaching and supervision should not be applied restrictively, but as metaphors enabling the user to see situations in a new light and apply the new knowledge to practice. Each model can open up a particular view of reality but in the process masks off other potential views. No model is exclusively true, and each model has worth that varies according to the goals toward which the model is applied. Models valuable for some purposes may be inappropriate for others. The selection of goals remains a matter of normative judgment. Models can be assessed in terms of their cogency and relevance, both of which may vary depending on the goals selected. A two-page list of references concludes the document. (PGD)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (70th, San Francisco, CA, April 16-20, 1986).