ERIC Number: ED269591
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1986-May
Reference Count: 0
The U.S. Farm Sector in the Mid-1980's. Agricultural Economic Report Number 548.
Reimund, Donn A.; And Others
This report compares several farm characteristics of the mid-1980s with those of a decade earlier to document the real amount of change in the farm sector. Farms are stratified into five groups based on their farm income: rural residence, small family, family, large family, and very large. Sources and levels of farm operator income and wealth are first considered. Land ownership and tenure patterns are examined. Some variables are studied that can be measured to indicate variations in farm organization: farming enterprises, technology, yields, and intensity of resource use. An examination follows of changes in the degree of concentration of production and land used for producing specific agricultural commodities. The analysis uses Gini index-Lorenz curves and distribution curves. Census of Agriculture data for 1974, 1978, and 1982 are used to trace change in several variables that are important measures of the structure of the farm sector. Structural change variables are examined in both nominal and real terms. A final section describes further the five sales classes. Regions are compared with the national average. The basic structural characteristics addressed are farm numbers and size, asset value, sales, tenure, organization, off-farm work, age, and expenses. Forty-nine tables supplement the text, and a short list of other agricultural reports is included. (YLB)
Descriptors: Adults, Agricultural Production, Agriculture, Change, Farmers, Income, Vocational Education
Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC 20402 (Order No. 001-019-00441-0).
Publication Type: Numerical/Quantitative Data; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Economic Research Service (USDA), Washington, DC.