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ERIC Number: ED269578
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1986-May-14
Pages: 23
Abstractor: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Post Secondary Correctional Education: An Evaluation of Parolee Performance.
Holloway, Jerry; Moke, Paul
Wilmington College (Ohio) conducted a study to determine if receiving college training during incarceration enhances offenders' post-release behavior. Three hundred residents of Lebanon Correctional Institution in Ohio, a medium-security prison for adults under 30, were studied. Of the group, 95 received associates degrees while in prison. These persons were compared with two groups: 116 offenders at Lebanon who received high school degrees, and 106 who were high school dropouts. The hypothesis of the study, that those offenders who earned associate degrees would be more successful in their reintegration than their non-degreed counterparts, was measured by means of records at the Ohio Adult Parole Authority. "Successful reintegration" was defined as not returning to prison during the first year on parole. Additional indicators of success included remaining arrest-free for this period and being employed on a full-time basis during the first year of release. The study found that by the end of the first year on parole, more than two-thirds of the college graduates were employed, compared to approximately 60 percent of the high school graduates and 40 percent of the high school dropouts. Thus, the employment data suggest that a linear relationship exists between the level of education an inmate acquires while in prison and the likelihood of obtaining and retaining employment on parole. This linear relationship is echoed on the arrest and recidivism (return to prison either because of conviction or parole violation) variables reported. Although the groups were small, the study showed that college education during incarceration contributes to inmates' post-release success. (KC)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A