ERIC Number: ED269517
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1985-Dec
Reference Count: 0
Improving Schooling to Reduce Teenage Pregnancy. ERIC/CUE Digest, Number 28.
This brief digest discusses teenage pregnancy and various educational strategies that appear to affect pregnancy rates. While pregnancy among white teenagers has increased since the 1970s, the birthrate among black teenagers is still five to eight times higher. Teenage mothers and fathers have lower educational attainment and income than their peers who delay childbearing. Early parenthood has short- and long-term consequences for the children as well. Babies of teenage mothers are at risk for low birth weight and high infant mortality; moreover, children of adolescent parents tend to become teenage parents themselves. Some studies show that teenage parents risk alienation from school, unemployment, or underemployment. In contrast, positive school experiences and steady progress toward employment reduce the changes of teenage pregnancy. Preschool education has been found to correlate positively with later lower delinquency and pregnancy rates in teenagers. Desegregation was also found to correlate positively with a reduction in pregnancy before the age of 18. High educational goals appear to be related to a lower incidence of adolescent pregnancy. Finally, several studies of job training programs show that for those students who do not have aspirations towards higher education, appropriate preparation for employment may serve the same positive purpose in reducing teenage pregnancy. (CG)
Publication Type: ERIC Publications
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: ERIC Clearinghouse on Urban Education, New York, NY.