ERIC Number: ED269278
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1986-Feb
Reference Count: 0
University Funding: Assessing Federal Funding Mechanisms for University Research. Report to the Chairman, Committee on Science and Technology, House of Representatives.
General Accounting Office, Washington, DC.
An assessment of the impact that funding mechanisms had on the productivity and performance of university research is presented in this report. The General Accounting Office (GAO) study focused on five universities that had reputed improvement in program quality. The GAO study concentrated primarily on what funding and other strategies these universities used to improve selected departments and how these departments were able to finance their improvement initiatives. Specific questions examined were whether particular funding mechanisms played a role in helping universities improve program quality and whether two funding mechanisms, i.e., individual project grants and center grants had different effects on the performance of research. It was found that at the five universities GAO visited, the common element in improvement was an explicit commitment from the university to improve quality through increases in internal and/or external funding and personnel changes. Initial funding was necessary for building quality, although it came from a variety of sources. An appendix contains a summary of scientists' responses to selected questions on research funding. (ML)
Descriptors: College Science, Educational Finance, Federal Aid, Financial Support, Higher Education, Productivity, Research, Research and Development Centers, Research Universities, Science Education, Science Programs, Scientific Research, Technology
U.S. General Accounting Office, P.O. Box 6015, Gaithersburg, MD 20877. (First five copies free, additional copies $2.00 each, 25% discount on 100 or more to a single address).
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Practitioners; Policymakers
Authoring Institution: General Accounting Office, Washington, DC.