ERIC Number: ED269192
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1986
Using the Outdoors to Teach Social Studies: Grades 3-10.
Knapp, Clifford C.; And Others
Third in a series on utilizing outdoor education methodologies to enhance the academic curriculum, the guide contains lesson plans and case studies for teaching grades 3-10 social studies. The lessons are designed to further student awareness of personal and social responsibility toward the environment through the use of outdoor experiences which may help students to understand abstract concepts and provide them with a sense of community, contrasting experiences, and opportunities to gain self-responsibility. The guide offers specific suggestions for planning, organizing, and conducting field experiences grouped by objectives, mechanics, site selection, direct involvement, followup/evaluation, problems, and tips for conducting lessons outdoors. Eighteen sample lesson plans present topics such as people watching, value survey, map skills, exploring old farms, restoring native vegetation, seeing a city block, and energy costs. Each lesson plan states the problem, lists objectives, provides an introduction to the topic, describes procedure/activities, and lists evaluation questions. Four case studies illustrate using outdoor experiences to teach pioneer heritage, energy conservation, archaeological research, and local environmental problem-solving. Addresses for further information are given for each case study. Books, curriculum guides, periodicals, and organization names and addresses are given in a 69-item bibliography. (LFL)
Descriptors: Community Surveys, Conservation Education, Elementary Secondary Education, Energy Education, Environmental Education, Experiential Learning, Field Trips, Geography, History, Learning Activities, Lesson Plans, Map Skills, Outdoor Activities, Outdoor Education, Political Science, Program Descriptions, Social Studies, Teaching Methods
ERIC Clearinghouse on Rural Education and Small Schools, Box 3AP (Dept. RIE), New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, NM 88003-0042 ($5.50).
Publication Type: Guides - Classroom - Teacher; ERIC Publications
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Teachers; Practitioners
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: ERIC Clearinghouse on Rural Education and Small Schools, Las Cruces, NM.