ERIC Number: ED268739
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1985-Nov
Reference Count: 0
Three Subgroups of Preschool Children with Speech Intelligibility Disorders.
Whaley, Patricia; And Others
The study was designed to measure language, cognitive, perceptual, and oral-motor abilities in 17 preschoolers referred for speech-language evaluation because of unintelligible speech. Ss were administered a test battery which included tests of hearing, coarticulation, vocabulary, speech sound discrimination, and oral examination of the speech mechanism. Cluster analysis of the test scores defined these groups of children with similar test scores: group 1--severe articulation disorder, poor oral motor coordination (especially of the tongue), average language and above average cognition; group 2--severe articulation disorder, observable muscle weakness, average language and above average cognition; and group 3--the most severe articulation disorder, muscle weakness, language and cognitive deficits. All Ss had oral-motor differences. Findings suggested that it was important to distinguish the child with a motor-speech disorder from the child who has learned incorrect articulation, and the child with a phonological delay or disorder. (CL)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (12th, Washington, DC, November 22-25, 1985).