ERIC Number: ED268459
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1985-Nov
Reference Count: 0
Relationships between Cognition and Affect in Depressed Outpatients.
Ringuette, Eugene L.
Researchers and theorists have been discussing the relationship between cognition and affect for many years, contemplating whether or not thought is necessary to emotion. A study was undertaken to gain information about the relationship between cognition and affect with reference to psychopathology. To examine the relationship between cognitive distortion and change in depressed mood over time, data were collected from two samples of clinic outpatients. Fifteen outpatients who were being treated without medication for depressed mood were recruited from a community mental health center during the Christmas/New Year's period of 1983-84. Fourteen subjects came from a university clinical center during the Christmas/New Year's holiday of 1984-85. Both samples were administered pre-holiday, holiday, and post-holiday testings of Ellis' Irrational Beliefs, a measure of Beck's Cognitive Distortions, a Depression Scale, and the State Form of the State-Trait Anxiety Scale. No significant differences were found between the two samples on these measures, so they were treated as one sample. The results obtained suggest that no form of causal relationship exists between cognition and affect. The relationships found were similar to those obtained in the measurement of a multi-trait factor, and the hypothesis advanced is that both are aspects of a higher-order phenomenon. (NB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association (93rd, Los Angeles, CA, August 23-27, l985).