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ERIC Number: ED268293
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1986-Feb-24
Pages: 9
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Developing Successful Learning Experiences for Older Adults.
Gutknecht, Bruce
The aged are generally identified by such criteria as chronological age, economic condition, physical appearance, psychological behavior, mental conditions, and social roles. While the present population of aged is characterized by lower educational and economic levels, it is anticipated that as the number of aged grows, the educational and economic levels will increase. Most aged today are not poor, are in reasonable health, and live in urban areas. In terms of their mental abilities, researchers have found that crystalized intelligence remains constant, while fluid intelligence declines. One reason contributing toward the negative stereotype of the aged is the fact that most research has been focused on problems encountered by the aged. Education is one of the more positive aspects of aging. Recently, more attention has been given to educational gerontology. The focus of adult education is on problem finding and solving. Life problems found in later adulthood can provide topics that interest older adults and that they will probably seek in learning experiences. Recommended instructional techniques include ample mastery time, material repetition, positive reinforcement, short-term goal setting, and provision for learners with visual or auditory defects. Suggested types of discussion of reading materials are meta-cognitive, strategy, and postreading. (YLB)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Teachers; Practitioners
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Conference of the Association of Teacher Educators (Atlanta, GA, February 24, 1986).