ERIC Number: ED268016
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1985-May
Reference Count: 0
Factors Associated with Changes in Youths' Attitudes Toward Economic Issues.
Ingels, Steven J.; O'Brien, Mary Utne
Results of a two-part study of the economic attitudes of junior high school students are presented. While the primary thrust of Phase I of the project was to develop reliable and valid multi-item scales, the Economics Values Inventory (EVI), additional purposes were to test tentative hypotheses about factors associated with attitude differences and change, and to gain a glimpse into the actual content of adolescent economic activities. The Phase II design specified an initial measurement, or pretest, of students' economic attitudes as measured on the EVI scales, followed by an instructional period, then a post-test of the same youth's economic attitudes. Responses of the pretest group (N-1911), were factor-analyzed to see if essentially the same factors would emerge as in Phase II. In Phase I, economics knowledge proved to be the strongest predictor of students' economic attitude differences. The Phase II pre- and post-test displayed this tendency to an even greater extent. Greater economic knowledge was associated with (1) stronger affirmation of the free enterprise system; (2) an increased trust in business; (3) a decrease in feelings of being economically powerless and alienated; (4) decreased affirmation of governmental responsibility for social welfare; and (5) higher opposition to government price-setting, to unions, to statements that workers are treated unfairly, and to statements that attack the economic status quo. A copy of the EVI is appended. (LH)
Descriptors: Attitude Change, Attitude Measures, Economics Education, Educational Research, Junior High Schools, Student Attitudes, Values
Librarian, National Opinion Research Center, University of Chicago, 6030 S. Ellis Ave., Chicago, IL 60637 (photocopy cost).
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: National Opinion Research Center, Chicago, IL.
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Conference of the American Association for Public Opinion Research (40th, McAfee, NJ, May 16-19, 1985). For related document, see SO 016 974.