ERIC Number: ED267907
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1986-Jan
An Evaluation of the McRel Thinking Skills Program.
Marzano, Robert J.
This report summarizes the results of an evaluation of the thinking skills model/program developed at the Mid-continent Regional Educational Laboratory (McREL). Participating were 19 primary, 32 upper elementary, 10 junior high, and 16 senior high school teachers at four sites varying in size and locale. Providing a framework for teaching a wide range of thinking skills within content area classrooms, the thinking skills model includes three general categories of cognitive skills considered relevant to academic success: (1) learning-to-learn skills, (2) content thinking skills, and (3) basic reasoning skills. Altogether, 18 skills areas are included in the model. Each is hypothesized to affect different student behaviors and to be associated with a particular rationale for the hypothesized effect; each was assessed with different measures within either one-shot case study or pretest-posttest designs. Trained in four spaced sessions, the 77 participating teachers pilot-tested the thinking skills techniques on over 1,900 students. Data were obtained through teacher-made tests, interviews with students, and observations of students by teachers. Results are reported for each skill area of the model: attention control, goal setting, attitude change, self-evaluation, concept attainment, pattern recognition, synthesizing, proceduralizing, deep processing, use of memory frameworks, categorizing, extrapolation, analogical reasoning, evaluation of evidence, evaluation of value, elaboration, problem solving, and invention. References are included. (RH)
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Mid-Continent Regional Educational Lab., Aurora, CO.