ERIC Number: ED267629
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1986
Listening and Learning: Protocols and Processes.
James, Charles J.
While most people know how conversations, narratives, and other types of discourse are created in their native language, it is difficult for students to know how they are created in a second language. To deal with texts in a new language, the learner needs extensive exposure to a variety of language in realistic situations. The immediate recall protocol designed for development of reading comprehension can be adapted to help develop second language listening comprehension. The reading technique uses short texts to avoid sensory overload, gives students time to read them, and then allows students time to write, in English, what they understood from the text. For listening skill development, the technique would need to be adapted to a classroom listening situation, and features of spoken language (voice characteristics, volume, pitch, etc.) that aid considerably in the processing of listening material should be considered. Students should be given advance organizers and a specific listening task to perform, and should hear the tape once without taking notes. The student protocols indicating their comprehension level can be either graded or discussed, and the teacher can use the protocols as a basis for further instructional planning. (MSE)
Publication Type: Guides - Classroom - Teacher; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Teachers; Practitioners
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: In: Second Language Acquisition: Preparing for Tomorrow. Selected Papers from the Annual Meeting of the Central States Conference on the Teaching of Foreign Languages (Milwaukee, Wisconsin, April 3-5, 1986). For report of conference, see FL 015 577.