ERIC Number: ED267577
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1985
Reference Count: 0
Teaching the Severely Mentally Retarded and Elderly to Stand.
Auxter, David; And Others
The study explored behavioral procedures for developing the skill of standing from a chair for a severely mentally retarded 11-year-old nonambulatory girl and an 86-year-old man residing in a nursing home for the elderly. Functional assessment and programing determined the specific instructional needs of each S. A changing criterion design was conducted to shape the hip and knee extensors for both Ss. Intensive habit shaping procedures of hip and knee extensors which facilitate standing were successful with each S; however, the retarded S took longer to develop the prerequisite strength for standing and required more extensive programing than the elderly S. Collateral effects for the retarded S included reciprocal functioning of the knee flexors to the knee extensors and the development of timing to integrate two basic motor components of the standing task. (CL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Conference of the Research Institute for Independent Living.